• Roby Rakhmadi Universitas Lampung
  • Darra Ananda Universitas Lampung



China, Cooperation, Djibouti, Interdependence, Strategic Partnership


This article aims to explain the effect of increasing threats to strategic changes in China's foreign policy. In order to protect its interests abroad, the strategic partnership with Djibouti is an effort made by China on the African continent. The Strategic Partnership between the two countries is seen as a vehicle for foreign policy goals in the form of cooperation with an interdependence pattern. This study uses secondary data through literature study with official documents from the official websites of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Djibouti as well as online data searches. The author uses qualitative research methods that refer to the concept of strategic partnership and the theory of interdependence. As a foreign policy instrument, strategic partnerships are able to support the demands of global dynamics and fulfill China's interests in the global sphere. This study finds that the strategic partnership with Djibouti is the first step in increasing the global integration of the African continent towards China


Download data is not yet available.


Banerjee., D. (2016). China’s One Belt and One Road Initiative — An Indian Perspective. ISEAS Prespective.

Bolanos Martinez, J. (2016). Eritrea: instability factor in the Horn of Africa. IEEE Briefing Paper, December 26, 2016.

Brzezinski, Z. (1997). The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperative. . New York: Basic Books.

Cabestan, J.-P. (2019). ‘China‘s Military Base in Djibouti: A Microcosm of China‘s Growing Competition with the United States and New Bipolarity‘. . Journal of Contemporary Tiongkok, December , 10.

Cai, P. (2017). Understanding China’s Belt and Road Initiative. . Lowy Institute for International Policy.

Chaziza, M. (2018). China’s Military Base in Djibouti. The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. . Mideast Security and Policy Studies No. 153, 11.

China, T. S. (2015). China’s Defense White Paper 2015. China’s Military Strategy. Beijing.

China, T. S. (2019). China's National Defenese In a New Era. Beijing.

Collins, S. R. (2019). Djibouti. . Congressional Research Service. 11303.

Daly, J. C. (2018). Geostrategic position draws foreign powers to Djibouti. The Arab Weekly.

Dutton, C. a. (2014). Djibouti: China?s First Overseas. . London.

Erica Downs, J. B. (2017). China‘s Military Support Facility in Djibouti: The Economic and Security Dimensions of China‘s First Overseas Base. Arlington: CNA.

France. (2021). Djibouti-China marriage ‘slowly unravelling’ as investment project disappoints. Retrieved February 06, 2021 from

Fund, I. M. (2018). IMF Staff Concludes the 2018 Article IV Consultation Mission in Djibouti. Washington DC: Press Release 18/486, IMF, .

González, M. (2014, May 25). Three Spanish soldiers, wounded in a suicide attack in Djibouti. Retrieved February 08, 2022 from The Country:

Grygiel, J. J. (2006). Great Powers and Geopolitical Change. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hossain, M. (2016). China’s New Silk Road enters Africa through Djibouti. The Indian Ocean Observatory.

Igbinoba, E. (2016). Economic implication of China’s military base in Djibouti. Centre for Chinese Studies.

IMF, R. (2016). South Djibouti. IMF publisher.

Jacobs, A. (2017, July 02). Joyous Africans Take to the Rails, With China's Help. Retrieved February 08, 2022 from New York Times:

Johnson., C. K. (2016). President Xi Jinping’s ‘Belt and Road’ Initiative: A Practical Assessment of the Chinese Communist Party’s Roadmap for China’s Global Resurgence. CSIS Report 28 March 2016.

Khalil, W. (2013). Crucial Geostrategic Concepts towards Achieving Strategic. Harmony amongst OIC Countries.

Lanfranchi, G. (2021). Geopolitics meets local politics in the Horn of Africa. . Clingendael Institute.

Michalski, A. (2019). Diplomacy in a Changing World Order: The role of strategic partnership. . The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.

Montoya Cerio, F. (2015, December 22). Djibouti. Settlement strategic international. Retrieved February 09, 2022 from IEEE Opinion Paper:

Mountain, T. (2011). Choke point Bab el Mandeb; Understanding the strategically critical Horn of Africa. . Foreign Policy Journal,19.XI.2011.

news, A. (2012, December 23). Saudi, Djibouti sign economic cooperation agreement. Retrieved February 09, 2022 from Arab News:

Panda, A. (2015, May 13). "A Naval Base on the Horn of Africa for China?" . Retrieved April 17, 2021 from The Diplomat:

Peace., U. I. (2020). China’s Impact on Conflict and Fragility. Jstor, P 26.

Rajaram, P. (2017). Djibouti Military Base Is a New Step in China’s Maritime Footprint. (Vol.12 No.3),

Shay, S. (2017, May 09). The strategic relations between Saudi Arabia and Djibouti. Retrieved February 09, 2022 from Israel Defense:

Soudan., F. (2017, April 11). No One but China Offers a Long-term Partnership in Djibouti’: President Guelleh. Retrieved April 13, 2021 from Tesfanews:

Tilouine, J. (2018, February 23). Djibouti debouté dans une affaire de corruption face à Dubai. Retrieved February 08, 2022 from Le Monde Africa:

UNCTAD. (2013). Agreement between The Government of The People’s Republic of China and The Government of The Republic of Djibouti on The Promotion and Protection of Investments. . Investment Policy.

World, B. ( 2014). High-Level Development Exchange Launch of ‘Vision Djibouti 2035. Republic of Djibouti: Outcome Note, World Bank.

Yifei., C. (2016, September 20). Three Strategies Shoulder the Common Destiny. The People’s Daily (overseas edition), pp.




How to Cite

Rakhmadi, R. ., & Ananda, D. . (2024). CHINA DJIBOUTI STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP THROUGH BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE: GEOSTRATEGIC VIEWPOINT. Bureaucracy Journal : Indonesia Journal of Law and Social-Political Governance, 4(2), 1235–1255.